2002/39, Ewen Jardine interviewed in his own home in Freuchie by Sarah Bromage on 6/8/2002
Mr Jardine started work at Esk Mills in 1957 as a management trainee. He then spent several years working at Kinleith Mill in New Zealand. When he returned to Britain he started to work in papermaking education at Bury College, Robert Gordons University and now works as a freelance advisor to the industry
000 City and Guilds devised 1961 / 1962. Many colleges including Robert Gordons had 5 year course. Numbers were so small that the courses amalgamated at Robert Gordons.
046 Students always sponsored by company, very rare for students to pay their way through the course. Examinations set by two examiners Cross and Bevan. Exam was too technical so they changed the basis of the exam.
084 Problems with funding. Cycles of education.
101 New exam is the technical certificate in England and Wales, this will be changed for Scotland. Until 1960s the exam was essay questions and teaching was in the form of expert lectures.
128 Questions for exam. Papermakers encouraged to read in German. Period post 2nd WW British textbooks were devised. Mr Jardine found that the best way to learn is to teach.
170 Structure of exam. Pass rate would be roughly 60 – 70%. Could retake. Before 1989 could sit in June, after that could retake at any time.
191 Syllabus broken down into 10 topics for part I and another 16 for part II. Self instruction book for each topic. A lot of self learning. Took students on trips to Sweden, difficult as mills wouldn't release people. Paper Federation.
222 Each topic is tested by the modular system. 110 hours of teaching. Sit test on module and would get certificate if they completed any modules.
248 1989 move to continuous assessment. Qualifications; up to the individual mill whether people were encouraged to go for qualifications. Most people worked in the technical side and were not operators till latterly. Mills felt they were training people to leave. A lot of poaching by chemical suppliers.
279 1970s a lot of companies found that they had to cut down on their research and people moved into more routine duties. Development and speed of development/. Examples of change in innovation eg. move from bronze wires to the use of synthetic wires.
323 Machines in the UK compared to Canada; had wider and faster machines. Flow boxes and the development in technology over the years.
370 Mill in Sweden had an old machine and one of the operatives said that the only original thing on the machine was the deckle width.
377 Machines now designed to last a finite period and then be replaced. In Britain they never replaced the whole machine just bits and pieces.